2018 Summer Lecture Series: Frontiers in Ocean Optics and Ocean Colour Science

25 June – 6 July 2018, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France 

Overview

The International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG) Summer Lecture Series is dedicated to high-level training in the fundamentals of ocean optics, bio-optics and ocean colour remote sensing. Since 2012, these advanced training courses have taken place every two years during the summer months, and are held  at the Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV) in Villefranche-sur-Mer, which is part of the Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche (OOV), and hosts the Marine Optics and Remote Sensing group (MORS, www.obs-vlfr.fr/LOV/OMT/).  The 2018  Summer Lecture Series is scheduled to take place from 25 June – 6 July 2018.

Several distinguished scientists were invited to provide lectures on cutting edge research focusing on current critical issues in ocean colour science. A significant portion of the course was dedicated to interactive discussion sessions between the students and lecturers. Students were given ample opportunity for in-depth discussions with leaders in the field on various topics, both those discussed in the lecture series, as well as their own scientific research interests. Several practical lab sessions were also conducted to help students understand absorption, scattering and the colour of the ocean as well as how to collect high-quality in situ data and how to interpret the measurements.

Course Content

The topics listed below were covered in the course (see videos and presentations below).

  • Fundamentals of inherent and apparent optical properties (IOPs and AOPs)
  • Optics of marine particles
  • Applications of Secchi disk depth
  • Introduction to Hydrolight (with labs)
  • Radiometry, AOPs, measurements and uncertainties
  • Ocean scattering
  • Light environment in coral reefs and seagrass ecosystems
  • Atmospheric correction
  • From IOPs to BGC quantities
  • Ocean colour in support of fisheries and protected species research
  • Ocean colour remote sensing in turbid  waters
  • Coccolithophores: optical properties and biogeochemistry
  • Practical session on using Copernicus datasets
  • Practical ac-labs
Course Sponsors

The 2018 Summer Lecture Series was sponsored by:

  • IOCCG (International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group)
  • CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, France)
  • EUMETSAT (European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites)
  • LOV (Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche) in the IMEV (Institut de la Mer, de Villefranche)
  • GIS-COOC (French Groupement d’intérêt scientifique couleur de l’océan)
  • NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
  • OCB (Ocean Carbon & Biogeochemistry Program, USA)
  • SCOR (Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research)
Teaching Staff

A number of prominent scientists conducting research in the field of satellite ocean colour radiometry were invited to deliver lectures on cutting edge research and critical issues in ocean colour science. Teaching staff include:

  • David Antoine (Curtin University, Perth, Australia) – Course Coordinator
  • Emmanuel Boss (University of Maine, USA)
  • Zhongping Lee (University of Massachusetts at Boston, MA, USA)
  • Kevin Ruddick (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Belgium)
  • Dariusz Stramski (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA)
  • John Hedley (Environmental Computer Science Ltd, Tiverton, Devon, UK)
  • Jeffrey Polovina (NOAA Fisheries, Honolulu)
  • Matt Slivkoff (Curtin University, Perth)
  • Mike Twardowski (Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Florida Atlantic University, USA)
  • Hayley Evers-King (Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK)
  • Quinten Vanhellemont (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Belgium)
  • Griet Neukermans (Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, France)
  • Louis Legendre (Professor Emeritus UPMC, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, France)
Selected Students

More than 130 excellent applications were received for the 2018 Summer Lecture Series , but regrettably the total number of students accepted had to be restricted to just 21 for logistical and financial reasons. The Selections Committee evaluated all applications based on the candidate’s knowledge of remote sensing, previous training, current area of research and the potential to apply the knowledge and skills gained to future research. Congratulations to the final selected students listed below:

  • Christiana Ade – University of California at Merced, USA
  • Falilu Adekunbi – University of Lagos, Nigeria
  • Derya Akkaynak – Princeton University, United States, and University of Haifa, Israel
  • Ave Ansper – Tartu Observatory, Estonia
  • Katarzyna Draganska-Deja – Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Science, Poland
  • Frieda Geldenhuys – Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa
  • Maria Fernanda Giannini – University of Victoria, Canada
  • Hanna Kauko – Norwegian Polar Institute, Norway
  • Srinivas Kolluru – Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
  • Héloïse Lavigne – Royal Belgium Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Belgium
  • Juan Li – Takuvik, Université Laval, Canada
  • Jing Li – Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Science, China
  • Raisha Lovindeer – University of California, Irvine, United States
  • Thais Medeiros – CSIRO, Australia and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Guillaume Morin – Institut de la Mer de Villefranche, France,
  • Vasileios Pefanis – Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Germany
  • Sornsiri Phongphattarawat – University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  • Geneviève Potvin – Université de Sherbrooke, Canada
  • Stephen Sagar – Geoscience Australia, Australia
  • Louis Terrats – Institut de la Mer de Villefranche – Marine optics group, France
  • Xiaohui Zhu – Boston University, United States
Lecture Slides and Videos

Because of the limited number of students that could be accommodated at the Summer Lecture Series, arrangements were made for all the lectures to be video recorded, and for all the PowerPoint presentations to be made available online, as was done for the previous lecture series (see below).

Lectures by Dr. Dariusz Stramski
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA

  • Lecture 1: The Nature of Light: Interaction of Light and Matter (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: Optics of marine particles (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Prof. Louis Legendre
Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, France 

  • Lecture 1: Ocean research in Villefranche-sur-Mer (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: Scientific Research and Discovery (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Zhongping Lee
University of Massachusetts at Boston, USA

  • Lecture 1: IOPs: Basics (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: IOPs: Inversion (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 3: IOPs: Applications (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 4: Science of Secchi Depth and Applications (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 5: Measure Water-leaving Radiance (PDF)

Lectures by Dr. David Antoine
Curtin University, Perth, Australia

  • Lecture 1: Radiometry and AOPs (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: Past, present and future of satellite Ocean Colour Radiometry (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 3: Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean colour observations (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Mike Twardowski
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Florida, USA

Lecture by Dr. John Hedley
Environmental Computer Science Ltd., UK

  • Lecture 1: Introduction to Hydrolight (PDF) (Video)
  • HydroLight lab (PDF)
  • Lecture 2: Shallow water remote sensing (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 3: The three dimensional light environment in coral reefs and seagrass ecosystems (PDF) (Video)

Practical Sessions by Dr. Emmanuel Boss
University of Maine, ME, USA

  • Lecture 1:  From IOPs to BGC quantities (1) (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: How to be part of our scientific community? (PDF)

Lectures by Dr. Jeffrey Polovina
NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Honolulu, HI.

  • Lecture 1: Ocean color in support of fisheries and protected species research (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Kevin Ruddick
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Brussels, Belgium

  • Lecture 1: Ocean colour remote sensing in turbid waters (1) (PDF) (Video)
  • Lecture 2: Ocean colour remote sensing in turbid waters (2) (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Hayley Evers-King
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK

  • Lecture 1: Accessing and working with Copernicus Marine data (PDF)
  • Lecture 2: Harmful Algal Blooms (PDF) (Video)

Lecture by Dr. Griet Neukermans
Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, France

  • Coccolithophores: optical properties and biogeochemistry (PDF), (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Matt Slivkoff
Insitute Marine Optics, Australia

  • Lecture 1: Radiometry, apparent optical properties, measurements & uncertainties (PDF) (Video)

Lectures by Dr. Quinten Vanhellemont
RBINS, Belgium/DO Nature

  • Lecture 1: Water applications of Landsat and Sentinel-2 (PDF)
  • Lecture 2: Processing Landsat and Sentinel-2 images with ACOLITE (PDF)

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