Ocean colour system vicarious calibration (OC-SVC) is a fundamental requirement for all ocean colour missions in order to meet the stringent accuracy requirements for radiometric products and all downstream bio-optical products. OC-SVC infrastructures are important for space agencies who aim to maintain or establish new infrastructures, e.g., NOAA MOBY, NASA PACE, ESA Boussole, FRM4SOC etc. OC-SVC are highly specialized and very expensive so it is useful to have coordination across the agencies for lessons learned and methodologies.

This group used to be an IOCCG working group on Long-term vicarious adjustment of OC sensors. In 2020 IOCCG recommended the establishment of the OC-SVC Task Force, supported by a recommendation from the INSITU-OCR White Paper. The task force was established in May 2021. Initial membership was based on agency members as well as other members who were previously engaged in the previous working group.


  • Aga Bialek (NPL)
  • Andrew Barnard (Oregon State Uni.)
  • Brian Barnes (USF)
  • Bryan Franz (NASA)
  • Constant Mazeran (SOLVO)
  • David Antoine (Curtin Uni.)
  • Ewa Kwiatkowska (EUMETSAT)
  • Fréderic Melin (JRC)
  • Jee-Eun Min (UST21)
  • Hiroshi Murakami (JAXA)
  • K. N. Babu (ISRO)
  • Ken Voss (U. Miami)
  • Marie-Helene Rio (ESA)
  • Menghua Wang (NOAA)
  • Shuguo Chen (OUC)
  • Susanne Craig (NASA)
  • Young-Je Park (KIOST)
  • Taeho Kim (UST21)

Terms of Reference

Support the recommendations from INSITU-OCR White Paper:

  • Maintain at least one long-term vicarious calibration site with SI traceable radiometry pursuing the objective of producing and delivering highly accurate measurements collected under ideal measurement condition (e.g., spatial homogeneity, known aerosol and marine optical properties) in a region representative of global ocean observations. Multiple sites are encouraged, but their equivalence in performance is fundamental.
  • It is essential that a rigorous metrology be established at each measurement site in view of assuring measurement traceability. Because of this, inter-comparisons of each relevant component of the vicarious calibration process should be encouraged and differences thoroughly investigated. Within such a context the adoption of a commonly agreed vicarious calibration approach, supported by sharing of processing modules, would enhance inter-mission consistency of radiometric products.
  • Vicarious calibration should be reassessed whenever the instrument calibration or OCR retrieval algorithm is modified, and uncertainties on the derived gains should also be reported to support the determination of OCR uncertainties.


  1. White Paper describing strategy planning for global OC-SVC infrastructures
OC-SVC Task Force Workshop, 18-19 Nov 2023

OC-SVC Task Force Workshop

The OC-SVC Task Force Workshop, scheduled for 18-19 November 2023 in St. Petersburg, FL, aims at producing a White-paper streamlining essential requirements for comprehensive SVC infrastructures accounting for current and future needs. The workshop will look for consensus on the following key topics: radiometric uncertainty requirements for field measurements supporting SVC; spectral requirements for field measurements supporting SVC; site requirements for SVC; field infrastructure requirements for SVC; handling and processing of SVC field data; determination of satellite SVC correction factors (i.e., g-factor); impact of g-factors on data products; impact of spectral resolution on g-factors; handling of g-factors from multiple SVC sites; benefits from extending SVC to the near-infrared spectral region; building time-series from independent missions including the historical ones.

The workshop will largely rely on round table discussions with time limits on each key topic. Short presentations (restricted to one, maximum two slides) for each key topic will be possible.

Workshop on OC-SVC for Science & Operational Missions, 2-3 Dec 2013

Workshop on OC-SVC for Science & Operational Missions

Welcome – Ewa Kwiatkowska (Chair, EUMETSAT)

Session 1: Current status

VIS vcal site and source characterization, uncertainties

Vical application in ocean colour processing (NIR and VIS vcal, sites, sources, protocols, implementation in the processing chain)

Remaining uncertainties

Session 2: NIR methodology and recommendations towards standardization

Session 3: VIS methodology and recommendations towards standardization

Session 4: Operational mission needs

Session 5: Advancing as a community: vision for the future of vicarious calibration and international cooperation

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