LAUNCH DATE: 01/08/97
SWATH (km): 2806
RESOLUTION (m): 1100

SeaWiFS Data Sources:

SeaWiFS Links:

SeaWiFS Presentations:

  • Update on SeaWiFS and MODIS, Paula Bontempi, 13th IOCCG meeting, 12-14 February 2008. [PDF file]
  • Status of the SeaWiFS Project: with a few thoughts about the future. Gene Carl Feldman, 8th IOCCG Meeting, February 2003. [PDF file]

SeaWiFS News

SeaWiFS Publications:

Acker, J. SeaWiFS Data Available at the GSFC DAAC.  backscatter, Volume 8, Number 4, November 1997.

Acker,J., Shen, S., Leptoukh, G., Serafino, G., Feldman, G. and McClain, C. (2002). SeaWiFS ocean color data archive and distribution system: assessment of system performance.  IEEE Trans. Geosci. and Rem. Sens., 40:90-103

Barnes, R.A., Eplee Jr., R.E., Patt, F.S. and McClain, C.R. (1999). Changes in the Radiometric Sensitivity of SeaWiFS Determined from Lunar and Solar-Based Measurements. Appl. Optics, (38)21: 4649-4664.

Barnes, R.A., Eplee Jr., R.E., Biggar, S.F., Thome, K.J., Zalewski, E.F., Slater, P.N., and Holmes, A.W. (2000). SeaWiFS transfer-to-orbit experiment. Appl. Optics, 39: 5620-5631.

Barnes, R.A., and Zalewski, E.F., (2002). The reflectance-based calibration of SeaWiFS.  Proc. SPIE, 4881: 355-367.

Barnes, R.A., and Zalewski, F. (2003). Reflectance-based calibration of SeaWiFS: I. Calibration coefficients. Appl. Optics, 42(9): 1629-1647.

Barnes, R.A., and Zalewski, F. (2003). Reflectance-based calibration of SeaWiFS: II. Conversion to radiance. Appl. Optics., 42(9): 1648-1660.

Bukin, O.A., Pavlov, A.N., Permyakov, M.S., Yu, A., Major, A., Konstantinov, O.G., Maleenok,A.V., Ogay, O.S.A. (2001). Continuous measurements of chlorophyll-a concentration in the Pacific Ocean by shipborne laser fluorometer and radiometer: comparison with SeaWiFS data. Intl. J. Rem. Sens.,, 22(2&3): 415-427.

Burenkov, V.I., Vedernikov, V.I., Ershova, S.V., Kopelevich, O.V., Sheberstov, S.V. (2001). Application of the Ocean Color Data Gathered by the SeaWiFS Satellite Scanner for Estimating the Bio-Optical Characteristics of Waters in the Barents Sea. Oceanology, 41: 461-468.

Burenkov, V.I., Ershova, S.V., Kopelevich, O.V., Sheberstov, S.V. and Shevchenko, V.P. (2001). An estimate of the distribution of suspended matter in the Barents Sea waters on the basis of the SeaWiFS satellite ocean color scanner. Oceanology, 41: 622-628.

Çokacar, T., Kubilay, N., and Ouz, T. (2001). Structure of E. huxleyi blooms in the Black Sea surface waters as detected by SeaWiFS imagery. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28: 4607-4610.

Davenport, R., Neuer, S., Helmke, P., Perez-Marrero, J., and Llinas, O. (2002). Primary productivity in the northern Canary Islands region as inferred from SeaWiFS imagery. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 49: 3481-3498.

Doyle, J.P., Hooker, S.B., Zibordi, G., and van der Linde, D. (2003). Validation of an in-water, tower-shading correction scheme, In: SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, (Eds.),25: NASA/TM-2003-206892.

Eplee Jr., R.E., Barnes, R.A., and McClain, C.R. (2002). SeaWiFS detector and gain calibrations: four years of on-orbit stability.  Proc. SPIE Earth Obs. Sys. VII, 4814: 282-288.

Firestone, E.R., and Hooker, S.B. (2003). SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series Cumulative Index: Volumes 1-17, SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, Eds., 18:NASA/TM-2003-206892.

Fuentes, M., Doney, S. C., Glover, D. M., and McCue, S. J. (2000). Spatial Structure of the SeaWiFS Ocean Color Data for the North Atlantic Ocean. In: Studies in the Atmospheric Sciences (Lecture notes in statistics, vol. 144), M. Berliner, D. Nychka and T. Hoar (eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York, 153-171.

Gohin, F., Druon, J.N., and Lampert, L. (2002). A five channel chlorophyll concentration algorithm applied to SeaWiFS data processed by SeaDAS in coastal waters. Intl. J. Rem. Sens., 23(8): 1639 – 1661.

Gordon, H.R., Boynton, G.C., Balch, W.M., Groom, S.B., Harbour, D.S., Smyth, T.J. (2001). Retrieval of coccolithophore calcite concentration from SeaWiFS imagery. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28: 1587-1590.

Habbane, M., Dubois, J.-M., El-Sabh, M. I. and Larouche, P. (1998). Empirical algorithm using SeaWiFS hyperspectral bands: a simple test. Intl. J. Rem. Sens., 19(11): 2161-2169.

Hooker, S.B., and C.R. McClain (2000). The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data. Prog. Oceanogr.,45(3-4): 427-465.

Hooker, S.B., Zibordi, G., Berthon, J.-F., D’Alimonte, D., van der Linde, D., and Brown, J.W. (2003). Tower-Perturbation Measurements in Above-Water Radiometry, In: SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, (Eds.), 23: NASA/TM-2003-206892.

Hu, C., Carder, K. L., and Muller-Karger, F. E. (2000), Atmospheric correction of SeaWiFS imagery: assessment of the use of alternative bands. Applied Optics, 39(21): 3573-3581

Hu, C., Carder, K., and Muller-Karger, F. E. (2000). Atmospheric correction of SeaWiFS imagery over turbid coastal waters: a practical method. Remote Sens. Environ., 74: 195-206.

Hu, C., Carder, K.L., Muller-Karger, F.E., (2001) How precise are SeaWiFS ocean color estimates? Implications of digitization-noise errors. Remote Sens. Environ., 76: 239-249.

Kahru, M. and Mitchell, B. G. (1999). Empirical chlorophyll algorithm and preliminary SeaWiFS validation for the California Current. Intl. J. Rem. Sens., 20(N17): 3423-3429.

Karabashev, G. S.; Evdoshenko, M. A.; Sheberstov, S. V.; (2001). Normalized radiance spectra from the SeaWiFS data as a natural tracer of water exchange between the coastal and off-shore areas of the eastern Mediterranean sea. Proceedings of the International Conference “Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters”, I. Levin and G. Gilbert (eds.), St.Peterburg, 157-159.

Larouche, P. (1998). SeaWiFS validation program in the St. Lawrence estuary and gulf. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, San Diego, California, 5-7 October 1998, pp. II349-II359.

Larouche, P. (2000). Results from the 2nd St. Lawrence estuary and gulf SeaWiFS validation cruise. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Charleston, South Carolina, 1-3 May 2000, pp I351-I358.

Lavender, S., and Groom, S. (1999). The SeaWiFS automatic data processing system (SeaAPS). Intl. J. Rem. Sens., 20: 1051-1056.

Li, H. W., Ho, C. R., Kuo, N. J., Chen, C. T. and Tsai, W. T. (1999). A comparison of OCI and SeaWiFS satellite imagery in the waters adjacent to Taiwan. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. 10(4): 873-883.

Machu, E., Ferret, B. and Garcon, V. (1999). Phytoplankton pigment distribution from SeaWiFS data in the subtropical convergence zone south of Africa: a wavelet analysis. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(10): 1469-1472.

Mahaptra, K., Okada, Y., Yonemura, T. and Kimura, N. (1999). Study on variation of ocean-color and thermal features at the Kuroshio-Oyashio frontal region using SeaWiFS and AVHRR data. J. Sch. Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 47: 53-60.

Mantel, J. D., Lucas, M. I. and Shillington, F. A. (1994). Ocean colour and thermal infra-red satellite remote sensing in South Africa and the Sea Viewing, Wide Field–of–view Sensor project (SeaWiFS).  S. Afr. J. Sci., 90:37-44.

McClain, C. R., Esaias, W. E., Barnes, W., Guenther, B., Endres, D., Hooker, S., Mitchell, G. and Barnes, R. (1992). SeaWiFS Calibration and Validation Plan. NASA Tech. Memo, 3: 1-41.

Mitchell, B.G. and Kahru, M. (1998). Algorithms for SeaWiFS standard products developed with the CalCOFI bio-optical data set.  Calif. Coop. Oceanic Fish. Invest. Rep., 39: 133-147.

Moore, J. K., Abbott, M. R., Richman, J. G., Smith, W. O., Cowles, T. J., Coale, K. H., Gardner, W. D. and Barber, R. T. (1999). SeaWiFS satellite ocean color data from the southern ocean. J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26:1465-1468.

Mueller, J. and Austin, R. (1991). Proceedings of the NASA/GSFC SeaWiFS project workshop on ocean optical and other measurements for SeaWiFS radiometric validation and bio-optical algorithm development. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California .

Mueller, J. L. and Austin, R. W. (1995).  Ocean Optics Protocols for SeaWiFS Validation, Revision 1, SeaWiFS Technical Report Series, Vol. 25, S. B. Hooker, E. R. Firestone and J. G. Acker (eds.),NASA Technical Memorandum 104566, Greenbelt, Maryland.

Murtugudde, R. G., Signorini, S. R., Christian, S. R., Busalacchi, A. J., McClain, C. R. and Picaut, J. (1999). Ocean color variability of the tropical Indo-Pacific basin observed by SeaWiFS during 1997-1998. J. Geophys. Res.(C. Oceans), 104: 18,351-18,366.

Oguz, T., Deshpande, A.G. and Malanotte-Rizzoli, P. (2002). The role of mesoscale processes controlling biological variability in the Black Sea coastal waters: inferences from SeaWiFS-derived surface chlorophyll field. Cont. Shelf Res., 22: 1477-1492.

O’Reilly, J.E., Maritorena, S., Siegel, D., O’Brien, M.C., Toole, D., Mitchell, B.G., Kahru, M., Chavez, F.P., Strutton, P., Cota, G., Hooker, S. B., McClain, C.R., Carder, K.L., Muller-Karger, F., Harding, L., Magnuson, A., Phinney, D., Moore, G.F., Aiken, J., Arrigo, K.R., Letelier, R., and Culver, M. (2000). Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: Version 4. In: SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, edited by Hooker, S.B and Firestone, E.R. Volume 11, SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3. NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. 9-23.

Pinkerton, M.H., Lavender, S.J., Aiken, J. (2003). Validation of SeaWiFS ocean color satellite data using a moored databuoy. J. Geophys. Res.,  108(C5): 10.1029/2002JC001337.

Ruddick, K.G., Ovidio, F. and Rijkeboer, M. (2000). Atmospheric Correction of SeaWiFS Imagery for Turbid Coastal and Inland Waters. Applied Optics 39(6): 897-912.

Santoleri, R., Banzon, V., Marullo, S., Napolitano, E., D’Ortenzio, F., Evans, R. (2003). Year-to-year variability of the phytoplankton bloom in the southern Adriatic Sea (1998-2000): Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor observations and modeling study.  J. Geophys. Res., 108(C9): 8122. 10.1029/2002JC001636, 17 September 2003.

Smyth, T.J., Groom, S.B., Cummings, D.G., Llewellyn, C.A. (2002). Comparison of SeaWiFS bio-optical chlorophyll-a algorithms within the OMEXII programme. Intl. Jour. of Rem. Sen., 23(11): 2321-2326.

Solanki H.U., Dwivedi R.M., and Nayak S.R., (2001), Synergistic analysis of SeaWiFS chlorophyll concentration and NOAA AVHRR SST for exploring marine living resources, Intl. J. of Rem. Sens., 22(18):3877-3882.

Sturm, B., Zibordi, G. (2002). SeaWiFS atmospheric correction by an approximate model and vicarious calibration. Intl. J. of Rem. Sens., 23(3): 489-501.

Tassan, S. (1995). SeaWiFS potential for remote sensing of marine Trichodesmium at sub-bloom concentration. Intl. J. Rem. Sens., 16: 3619-3627.

Wang, M. (2003). Correction of artifacts in the SeaWiFS atmospheric correction: removing discontinuity in the derived products. Rem. Sens. Env., 84: 603-611.

Wang, M. (1999). A sensitivity study of the SeaWiFS atmospheric correction algorithm: effects of spectral band variations. Remote Sens. Env., 67: 348-359.

Wang, M. (1999). Validation study of the SeaWiFS oxygen A-band absorption correction: comparing the retrieved cloud optical thicknesses from SeaWiFS measurements. Appl. Optics, 38: 937-944.

Wang, M., Bailey, S., and McClain, C.R. (2000). SeaWiFS provides unique global aerosol optical property data. EOS, 81: 197-202.

Wang, M., Franz, B.A., Barnes, R.A., and McClain, C.R. (2001). Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean.  Appl. Optics, 40: 343-348.

Yoder, J. On a Winged Horse and a Prayer, SeaWiFS Launches ….  backscatter, Volume 8, Number 4, November 1997.

Zibordi, G., D’Alimonte, D., van der Linde, D., Berthon, J.-F., Hooker, S.B., Mueller, J.L., Lazin, G. and McLean, S. The Eighth SeaWiFS Intercalibration Round-Robin Experiment (SIRREX-8), September-December 2001.  SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, Eds., 21: NASA/TM-2002-206892.


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