This working group was established in 1999 to examine various aspects of remote sensing in optically-complex (Case 2) waters. The group held a 5 day workshop, hosted by Dr. Peter Schlittenhardt and colleagues, at the Joint Research Center (JRC) in Ispra, Italy (14-18 June, 1999).

It was recognized that standard algorithms in use for chlorophyll retrieval from satellite data only work well in relatively simple Case 1 waters. The prospects of better algorithms for Case 2 waters have improved vastly with the advent of the new generation of ocean-colour sensors, which have superior spectral and radiometric resolution. The working group prepared a comprehensive report providing an overview of the algorithms and approaches that are being developed for deriving geophysical products from Case 2 waters, and also evaluated the limitations that exist and identified promising avenues for further improvements. In addition, the report summarizes sensor requirements as well as potential applications of ocean-colour data in Case 2 waters. The report entitled Remote Sensing of Ocean Colour in Coastal,and Other Optically-Complex, Waters, was edited by Dr. Shubha Sathyendranath.


  • R. Arnone, Naval Research Laboratory, USA
  • M. Babin, Laboratoire de Physique et Chemie Marines, France
  • R. Bukata, Canada Centre for Inland Waters, Canada
  • J. Campbell, University of New Hampshire, USA
  • C. Davis, Naval Research Laboratory, USA
  • R. Doerffer, Max Planck Institute of Hydrophysics, Germany
  • M. Dowell, Institute for Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, USA
  • H. Gordon, University of Miami, USA
  • N. Hoepffner, Joint Research Center, Italy
  • C. Hu, University of South Florida, USA
  • J. Kirk, Kirk Marine Optics, Australia
  • M. Kishino, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Japan
  • O. Kopelevich, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • H. Krawczyk, Institute of Space Sensor Technology, Germany
  • A. Neumann, Remote Sensing Technology Institute, Germany
  • J. Parslow, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia
  • S. Sathyendranath, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Canada
  • P. Schlittenhardt, Joint Research Center, Italy
  • A. Tanaka, National Space Development Agency, Japan

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